City Busting Exam Click “next” to start the exam. Only one answer possible for each question. 1. The experience of the Gotha Raids on London during World War I led many Inter-war air war theorists to conclude:a. Daylight aerial bombings were not ever feasible; attacks should only happen at nightb. Air power should always be subordinate to and coordinated with the operations of the army and navyc. The bomber will always get throughd. The best approach to defend against an offensive strategic campaign is to knock out the enemy’s air basese. C and Df. All of the above2. Just before WWII, the British put top priority on:a. Attacking German civilian targetsb. Increasing defensive fighter interceptors and improving ground air defensesc. Attacking German industrial centersd. Destroying German submarine pense. None of the above3. The Butt Report refuted the inter-war theory that:a. The air force should be independent from the Army and Navyb. Bombers could fly in daylightc. Bombing attacks could be highly effective at destroying specific industrial targetsd. The most effective way to conduct strategic strikes against cities was to employ chemical weaponse. A and B4. The revelations made in the Butt Report led the British to:a. Coordinate air attacks on Germany with the Americansb. Increase the number of fighter escorts for bombing raidsc. Emphasize destroying enemy morale by prioritizing the bombing of civilian targetsd. Target major industrial sites in the Ruhr5. The Butt Report assessed the effectiveness of British bombing. It concluded that in night-time attacks on industrial targets in the Ruhr:a. Fifty percent of the bombers came within 1/8th of a mile of their targetsb. Ten percent of bombers came within 75 square miles of their targetsc. Five percent of the bombers came within 1,000 yards of their targetsd. Seventy five percent of the bombers came within 10 yards of their targetse. None of the above6. The Allies rationalized the bombing of Dresden as being militarily justified to disrupt military production and communications. What facts, however, suggest the bombing was aimed against innocent civilians?a. The munitions dropped included bombs to blow off residential roofs to assure homes would be burned by subsequent dropping of incendiariesb. The Allied war propaganda against Germany argued that they only did precision bombingc. Delayed fused anti-personnel weapons were dropped to kill those fleeing their burning homesd. A and Ce. All of the above7. A weapon with a yield of 3.5 megatons is equivalent to a weapon with a yield of:a. 35,000 tonsb. 3,500,000 kilotonsc. 3,500,000,000 kilogramsd. A and Be. None of the above8. In 1952, the United States successfully tested its first thermonuclear weapon, “Ivy Mike.” It had a yield of 10.4 megatons. Roughly how many times greater is this yield than that of the Hiroshima fission bomb “Little Boy,” which had an estimated yield of 15 kilotons?a. 7b. 70c. 700d. 7,000e. 70,0009. Digby argues that the advent of precision guided munitions and their use in war:a. Increasingly validate the proposition that if a target can be seen, it can be hit and destroyedb. Put a premium on mobilityc. Would cause the yield (and weight) of munitions necessary to knock out a target to declined. All of the abovee. None of the above10. According to Digby, the use of non-nuclear precision guided munitions in war:a. Would decrease the rate and number of conventional munitions firedb. Would increase the rate and number of conventional munitions firedc. Could increase the risk of escalating a conflict to nuclear war when stores of conventional precision munitions were used upd. A and Ce. B and C11. Under the just war theory, proportionality is a critical test of whether warfare is justified or not. This concept refers to:a. Whether or not the commander intends to hurt innocentsb. Whether the harm against innocents is outweighed by the military benefits of inflicting that harmc. Whether the number of innocents killed is greater than the number of combatants killedd. Whether the cause of the attackers is more just than the cause supported by those attackede. None of the above12. American public opinion supporting President Truman’s 1944 decision to drop two nuclear bombs on Japan has:a. Remained the same to present dayb. Decreasedc. Increasedd. Fluctuated and shown no clear trend13. What is the relationship between a nuclear weapon's yield and its lethal radius?a. Increases in yield are directly proportional to increases in lethal radiusb. Increases in yield have no effect on lethal radiusc. A nuclear weapon's lethal radius is proportional to the cube root of its yieldd. A nuclear weapon's lethal radius is proportional to half of its yielde. There is no relationship Email Name Time is Up!