Nuclear Deterrence Exam Click “next” to start the exam. Only one answer possible for each question. 1. Which of the following are given by Albert Wohlstetter as minimum requirements for a robust nuclear force?a. A state must have secure command, control, communications and intelligence systemsb. A state must decentralize its population and production facilities to be able to survive an enemy first strikec. A state’s bomb delivery vehicles must be able to carry enough fuel to hit their targetsd. A & Be. A & C2. Which of the following was NOT an example offered by members of the Scientists’ Movement of how best to think about nuclear weapons and the danger arising from them?a. Two scorpions in a bottleb. Two bears in a cagec. There is no defensed. Whoever shoots first winse. None of the above3. Viner and Borden disagreed with the Scientist Movement’s view that nuclear weapons made deterrence impossible. Which of the following is a reason they disagreed with that view?a. The newly formed United Nations Security Council would regulate any future conflictb. States could disperse their nuclear forces or make them mobile to ensure that they would not be vulnerable to a first strikec. States would only attack cities with nuclear weapons and never each other’s nuclear weapon’s sitesd. They believed no state would ever actually use nuclear weapons in a conflicte. None of the above4. Which of the following is a reason Sir Michael Quinlan gave for why no first use pledges are unsound?a. A nuclear weapon state would not allow its options in a crisis to be limited by a promise made during peacetimeb. The deterrent value of having nuclear weapons would be undermined by a no first use pledgec. If the situation is truly dire, no nuclear weapons state would choose their own destruction over the use of a nuclear weapond. All of the abovee. None of the above5. Which of the following is NOT true about the finite deterrence school of thought?a. Believers in finite deterrence only wanted to target other state’s strategic forcesb. Proponents of finite deterrence worried that larger arsenals with larger yields increased the chances of accidental or unauthorized use of a nuclear weapon.c. A finite deterrence arsenal consisted of enough nuclear weapons to destroy most of an adversary’s large citiesd. In the 1950s the French military promoted finite deterrence because, it argued, it could not rely on U.S. or UK nuclear forces for protection from the Soviet Unione. None of the above6. Members of the Scientists’ Movement offered which of the following solutions as a way to prevent nuclear war?a. The institution of some type of world government to control nuclear energy developmentb. The sharing of nuclear technology so that every country could have a reliable nuclear deterrentc. Building active defenses to shoot down enemy bombers or missiles carrying nuclear weaponsd. A & Ce. A & B7. What are some challenges associated with maintaining command and control over nuclear weapon systems?a. Making sure that your communication systems can survive an enemy attack so that the proper chain of command, i.e. the president, can order a retaliatory strikeb. Ensuring that nuclear weapons have enough safety features, such as locks or codes, to prevent unauthorized or accidental usec. Ensuring that the nuclear weapons actually work when neededd. Protect U.S. satellite systems needed for communication and positioning from space-born threats such as anti-satellite weaponse. All of the above8. Why does Andrew Krepinevich argue that deterrence is becoming increasingly challenging?a. Multipolar competitions between the U.S., Russia, and Chinab. The increasing lack of national security experts with personal Cold War experiencec. New military domains like space and cyberspaced. A and Ce. All of the above9. According to Krepinevich, why does the emergence of a multi-polar world made deterrence more difficult?a. There are too many cultural differences to make deterrence feasibleb. Maintaining a "balance of terror" between three or more countries is less feasible, as no country can likely maintain parity with the combined forces of the othersc. A multi-polar world will inherently lead to more countries acquiring nuclear weaponsd. It is impossible for more than two countries to agree on arms control initiatives Name Email Time is Up!